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The outermost thin transparent membrane covering the white of your eye is known as the conjunctiva. Conjunctivitis means inflammation of the conjunctiva. It can be because of an infection from bacteria, viruses etc or can be due to allergy.

Infective conjunctivitis can affect one eye or both eyes. The whites of your eyes appear red. Your eyes may feel gritty, watery or sticky and your eyelids may become swollen and get stuck together, especially in the mornings. You may also get flu-like symptoms such as a sore throat, fever, muscle ache, and feel generally unwell.

Bacterial infections respond to antibiotic drops. Viral infections need symptomatic treatment. It is contagious and can spread to others easily by direct contact or droplet infection.

Corneal ulcer is infection of the cornea and it is much more serious condition than conjunctivitis. Redness, watering, pain especially while looking at the light, dimness of vision are some of the symptoms of a corneal ulcer. It needs immediate medical attention to prevent vision threatening complications.

If you wear contact lenses, be extremely careful about the way you clean and wear them. • Always wash your hands before handling the contact lenses • Remove your contact lenses from your eyes every night and carefully clean them. Store in appropriate cases • Never use tap water to clean your lenses. • Never sleep with your contact lenses in your eyes.

Depending upon the location of the scar you may require glasses or surgery to get better vision

Your symptoms may be due to Computer vision syndrome(CVS) which is the combination of eye and vision problems associated with the use of computers, mobile phones, tablets etc. that can cause symptoms of dry eyes. After confirming the diagnosis you will need eye drops to relieve your symptoms and life style changes.

With the increased use of online classes computer vision syndrome is becoming very common among school going children.Visual symptoms which may include eyestrain, headache, ocular discomfort, dry eye, diplopia and blurred vision either at near or when looking into the distance after prolonged computer use can happen. Your child needs assessment of vision and a thorough ocular examination.

Keratoconus is a condition where the cornea becomes progressively thin and bulges out causing vision problems. Depending upon the vision and severity, there are many treatment options available to improve vision. In the early stages glasses or contact lenses would help. If it is in the advanced stage, you may require corneal transplant surgery. Corneal Collagen Cross linking (C3R or CXL) is a minor surgical procedure which will strengthen the cornea and will prevent worsening of the condition.

Your friend’s poor vision could be due to multiple reasons in addition to the corneal scar. After thorough examination if the visual impairment is found to be due to corneal scar, he can undergo corneal transplant surgery to regain vision.

The eye works like a camera. While it is referred to as eyeball the shape is not a perfect sphere. It is made of an anterior segment(front) and posterior segment(back) which gives it a curvature and a length, the dimensions of which determine the eye can see with or without glasses. The anterior segment consists of cornea, iris and lens while the posterior segment consists of retina and choroid.The structures are covered by a tough coat(sclera) or the white of the eye.
Rays of light pass through the cornea, which is transparent, the pupil and the lens and land on the retina at the back of the eye from where they are sent to the brain through the optic nerve for interpretation.